A foreign national must make an application to Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) to become a permanent residence. As a permanent resident you must live in Canada for two years out of every five, or risk losing that status.
Permanent residency status has a number of benefits:
There are a number of programs that you can apply for permanent residence under; they fall under Economic classes and non-economic classes:
The Economic classes allow the applicants to be selected on the basis of their ability to become economically established in Canada. These programs include the following:
Non-economic classes allow applicants to be selected for permanent residence on the basis of family-reunification, social, and humanitarian objectives .These programs include the following:
Once you have successful received permanent residence, you will need to apply for the permanent resident card (PR card); this is the official proof of permanent resident status in Canada. There are residency requirements and obligations to obtain and maintain permanent resident status.
There are three categories of applications for permanent residence under the Express Entry system:
There are two steps to apply to the Express Entry system:
STEP 1: EXPRESS ENTRY PROFILE
If you qualify less than one of the three categories and wish to apply to immigration to Canada an online Express Entry Profile must be completed first. This is an online form that will require details of skills, work experience, language ability, education, and related information. Those who meet the criteria of one of the three federal immigration categories will then be placed into a pool of candidates.
STEP 2: INVITATION TO APPLY
Candidates within the Express Entry system will be ranked against each other based on a point system called the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS). The CRS will measure factors such as work experience, language skills, education, and whether or not the candidate has a job offer. To demonstrate language skills a language test result must be provided and foreign educational credentials must be supported by an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) to determine their Canadian equivalency. Points will be awarded based on the information provided in the Profile.
Those with the highest CRS scores will be invited to apply for permanent residence. Once the invitation to apply is provided, the candidate will have 90 days to submit an online application for permanent residence.
Candidates can stay in the Express Entry pool for up to 12 months. If they have not received an invitation within 12 months they can re-register as long as they continue to qualify less than one of the three categories.
There is no deadline to complete a profile and there are no caps on the number of candidates that will be accepted to the pool.
How we can help:
Applicants in addition to qualifying for the Federal Skilled Worker program (with a minimum of 67 points), must create a profile in Step 1 of the Express Entry process, and be ranked through the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) according to their personal qualifications. Step 2 is to submit your application and supporting documentation to CIC for the permanent residence approval process.
There are no longer any caps on the Federal Skilled Worker class for permanent residency status, and only those applicants with the highest CRS totals for each draw will receive an invitation to apply from CIC.
The minimum requirements to qualify under the Federal Skilled Workers program include:
Canada is continually seeking qualified skilled workers as immigrants, to fill chronic shortages in many skilled worker categories across the country.
Applicants must create a profile in Step 1 of the Express Entry process, and be ranked according to their personal qualifications. Based on this ranking (out of a maximum 1,200 points), Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) will make regular draws and send invitations to apply for permanent residence, to the highest ranked and most qualified candidates from the Express Entry profile pool. Step 2 is to submit your application and supporting documentation to CIC for the permanent residence approval process, your qualifications will be verified and you will need to meet other security, medical and admissibility criteria.
The Skilled Trades currently eligible for the Federal Skilled Trades Program are organized under these major and minor groups of the NOC:
The minimum requirements to be eligible include:
Canada is continually seeking qualified skilled trade workers as immigrants, to fill chronic shortages in many skilled worker categories across the country.
This fast-track immigration category via express entry was designed to allow people who met a minimum language requirement and obtained at least one year of skilled work experience in the country to transition to permanent residence and eventually Canadian citizenship.
Unlike many other programs, the Canadian Experience Class was created to allow an applicant’s experience in Canada to be considered as a key selection factor when applying for permanent residence.
The first step is to complete an Express Entry profile to immigrate to Canada permanently as a skilled worker under the Canadian Experience Class.
The minimum requirements to qualify under the CEC program include:
Self-employment and work experience gained while you were a full-time student (such as on a co-op work term) doesn’t count under this program.
Skilled work experience must fall within the Canadian National Occupational Classification (NOC) levels O, A and B.
Once your profile is submitted, you wait to receive an invitation to apply for permanent residence. You’ll be invited only if you’re among the top ranked in the express entry pool based on your skills and experience.
PNP programs are a way for high-demand foreign workers and experienced entrepreneurs to meet labour needs and gain permanent residency in their chosen province.
The PNP programs offer options for both skilled and semi-skilled workers. You may be able to apply on your own, or with your employer. Each province and territory has its own streams or immigration programs that target certain groups, and criteria for their PNP.
Greater consideration will be given to those individuals whose employment will fill a skills shortage. For example, Saskatchewan has a Health Professions Category, a Farm Owner/Operator Category and a Long Haul Truck Drivers Project which are all designed to facilitate immigration to their province.
Since January 1, 2015, many provinces and territories have launched new Express Entry streams.
To apply for the PNP you must:
If you are nominated under a non-Express Entry stream:
If you are nominated under a province or territory’s Express Entry stream, you must:
Minimum criteria and programs available within each province are constantly being updated.
Please refer to the links for the province you are interested in, for further information specific to their PNP and the streams they offer:
ALBERTA: Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program
BRITISH COLUMBIA: British Columbia Provincial Nominee Program
MANITOBA: Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program
NEW BRUNSWICK: New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program
NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR: Newfoundland and Labrador Provincial Nominee Program
NORTHWEST TERRITORIES: Northwest Territories Nominee Program
NOVA SCOTIA: Nova Scotia Nominee Program
PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND: Prince Edward Island Provincial Nominee Program
SASKATCHEWAN: Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program
YUKON: Yukon Nominee Program
Contact us to book a consultation and discuss the streams available and how you may qualify under a Provincial Nominee program.
Humanitarian and compassionate grounds apply to people with exceptional cases. Each application is assessed on a case-by-case basis.
Factors that are taken into consideration include:
Humanitarian and compassionate grounds are only considered if you are applying for permanent resident status in Canada, or for a permanent resident visa abroad. Requests are not considered from temporary resident applicants.
Risk factors such as persecution, risk to life, cruel and unusual treatment or punishment are not assessed.
You cannot apply for humanitarian and compassionate grounds if you have a pending refugee claim. If you want to apply, you must withdraw your refugee claim before your Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB) hearing.
If you feel this option may apply to you, please contact us for a more detailed consultation to discuss the option further.