Permanent residence of Canada is the status of a person who is not a Canadian citizen but who has been granted permission to live and work in Canada without any time limit on their stay.
A foreign national must make an application to Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) to become a permanent residence. As a permanent resident you must live in Canada for two years out of every five, or risk losing that status.
Permanent residency status has a number of benefits:
- The right to live, study and work, anywhere in Canada
- Obtain medical, social benefits, employment insurance and Canada Pension Plan payments
- Protections under the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms
- The right to sponsor relatives for permanent residence, subject to fulfilling residence criteria and assurance of support requirements.
- Apply for Canadian citizenship after three years (1095 days) in Canada.
There are a number of programs that you can apply for permanent residence under; they fall under Economic classes and non-economic classes:
The Economic classes allow the applicants to be selected on the basis of their ability to become economically established in Canada. These programs include the following:
- Federal skilled workers
- Quebec skilled workers
- Provincial nominees
- Entrepreneurs and self- employed persons
- Canadian experience class
- Federal skilled trades
- Start-up business class
- Caring for children and caring for people with high medical needs classes
- Immigrant Investor Venture Capital class
- Live-in caregivers in Canada
- Atlantic Immigration Pilot Programs
Non-economic classes allow applicants to be selected for permanent residence on the basis of family-reunification, social, and humanitarian objectives .These programs include the following:
- Members of the family class
- Spouse or common-law partner in Canada class
- Humanitarian and compassionate consideration
- Protected persons
- Temporary resident permit holders
Once you have successful received permanent residence, you will need to apply for the permanent resident card (PR card); this is the official proof of permanent resident status in Canada. There are residency requirements and obligations to obtain and maintain permanent resident status.